At that time, a companion volume - this volume - was envisioned for earlier nineteenth-century girls' series. Since then, several factors combined to make an updated comprehensive volume more desirable. New series have been created since ; several ongoing series encompassed additional titles; others from have been discovered, along with occasional errors in the previous edition primarily in series order ; and the CLRC's series collection has been increased by almost five hundred titles, making the older record of holdings outdated.
Consequently, a revised and updated book became the goal. Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and completeness. Information about additions and corrections is welcome. Correspondence should be addressed to:. The earliest series, originating during the middle third of that century, are heavily didactic, designed to convey moral and educational information.
Many use younger children as protagonists. Rather than centering on children's adventures or travels, they describe the guilt or unhappiness caused by misbehavior, the protagonists' struggle to do right, and their eventual reconciliation with friends, family, and God - or the horrible consequences that befall those who fail to reform.
Others contain lengthy passages about geography, history, or nature with only minimal story. Additionally, authors often developed thematic series, linked by concept rather than characters. Even when a nineteenth-century series uses continuing characters, this does not always mean they appear in prominent roles in each book. Since reform is a popular theme, a character may act as protagonist in one title, then, having triumphed over temptation, take a minor part in subsequent stories.
It was not until after the s that series placed greater emphasis upon character and plot. Early nineteenth-century series present a particular challenge to bibliographers. The initial difficulty lies in identifying them. A few authors, such as Jacob Abbott, are well known, but many other prolific writers from the period never appear in histories of children's literature. The series listed in this bibliography were found by cross-checking promising entries in the CLRC's chronological catalogue and the Philadelphia Free Library's Checklist of Children's Books against the NUC Pre Imprints and the American Catalogue, and through advertisements in the books themselves.
A second obstacle is recognizing American series, for so little is apparently known about some authors that the same title can be catalogued as American fiction in one NUC entry and British fiction in the next. This volume includes titles in debate, believing they are of interest to the reader. A third problem arises in identifying a true series, for the terms "series" and "library" were used loosely in the s.
A "library" can be either titles with related characters or an overall theme or it can mean unrelated titles, sometimes reissues, in a uniform format. Without access to many of the books or detailed information about them, it is frequently difficult to tell whether a book is actually part of a series.
- Cycling South America?
- Ernest Hemingway?
- The Life;
It is also difficult to ascertain whether a book contains one story or a story collection. Those which were clearly unrelated titles or story collections--such as "Aunt Fanny's" Nightcaps or Popguns books-have been omitted.
There is still a need for a more comprehensive bibliography of nineteenth-century series, one encompassing boys', girls', and miscellaneous series, for several of the girls' series were companion series to ones for boys. Notes at the end of those entries mention the companion series, but do not give detailed listings.
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Contemporary Series The last fifteen years have witnessed major developments in children's series. Paperback series, once predominantly the domain of religious publishers, appeared with increasing frequency in the late s, and as of this writing almost all major publishing houses have paperback imprints for children. The new format led to a renaissance in the genre.
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Girls' Series Books listed only three series published between and ; since then, over additional series have appeared. These new series reflect current publishing trends, which, ironically, hearken back to the approach used by dime novel publishers: many series are owned or controlled by publishers, who employ a variety of pseudonymous writers to meet monthly or bimonthly publication schedules. Three categories of series have become more prominent since These contain books by different authors, centering on a particular theme frequently romance , and do not use continuing characters.
The books bear the series title and usually a volume number on the cover or spine.
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Easy- readers or "chapter books," i. These feature continuing characters in light adventures or mysteries; the books use large type, simple sentence structure, and often a limited vocabulary. A third category, interactive fiction, emerged in the s.
Rather than a continuing narrative, interactive fiction offers multiple story choices and different endings. Several other tactics, occasionally evident in older series, continue in newer books. One is the series based on a common location. Another approach employs continuing characters in secondary roles, helping progatonists featured in only one book of the series. The phenomenal popularity of some series has also engendered spinoffs. Publishers also discovered the appeal of "specials"--longer books, issued once or twice a year, using the same characters as in regular series.
As with their predecessors, series from the s and s treat a variety of topics, appealing to a wide range of interests. Several series have adopted unusual approaches. In short, girls' series are again big business, and a new generation of readers are discovering the pleasure of following a favorite character through numerous adventures. Definitions As with the earlier edition, Girls' Series Books lists American fictional series books for girls, this time including those series that began between and As with the previous edition, this includes many "tots" series-i.
Many of the parameters used for the original edition remain, specifically:. American books are defined as having an American author or being published first in the United States of America. Only books of 48 or more pages are included Hoyle n. Some parameters have been modified. The original edition defined a series as "three or more books that have parallel titles or the same character. Titles that were originally published as part of a thematic series or were extensively advertised as such soon after their initial publication are included.
Publishers' series - those series where publishers later grouped unrelated volumes, frequently by different authors, under an umbrella title such as "Girl Chums" or "Maidenhood" - have been excluded. Organization The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by series title with cross references to the main entry under alternate titles. The earlier edition used parenthesis to distinguish between titles assigned by the compiler and those listed in the publication; these have been deleted.
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Each entry lists series title, followed by the stated author of the series; if this is a known pseudonym, it is followed by the actual author's name in parenthesis. This reverses the procedure used in the earlier edition. The original publisher follows; reprint publishers are not given. If the original publication was a paperback edition, PB appears after the publisher's name.
Because this edition includes three types of series which are often not of interest to collectors, they are marked as such on the line following the publishers' name: thematic, interactive, and easy reader.
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Although there are many interactive series, such as "Choose Your Own Adventure," only those series specifically intended for girls have been included here. Whenever possible, volume numbers correspond to the actual numbering of the series. Some listings are incomplete: - amb. An asterisk before the title indicates a copy is in the CLRC. Dates used are copyright dates, which are occasionally for the year prior to actual publication, especially for nineteenth-century series and January titles of contemporary series issued on a monthly basis.
Notes follow some series entries, clarifying material or conveying additional information. A "Related series" or "Related titles" line refers to other series or to single volumes, not issued as part of the series, in which major or secondary characters also appear. A "See also" reference indicates that additional information or a continuation of the series may be found under another series title. Little Prudy, for example, appears in several series; "See also" references direct the reader to those entries.
Have You Seen Hyacinth Macaw? Loretta P. Sweeny, Where Are You? Wilderness Wedding. Note: At least two of these titles were also reissued under the pseudonym Barrie Anderson: vol.